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  First steps in Latin Grammar  

1. Nouns and verbs

2. Subjects and objects

3. Word order

4. Practice

5. Cases and declensions

6. Nominative and

accusative cases

7. Genitive case

8. Dative case

9. Gender

10. Ablative case

11. Final practice

ANSWERS

 

GDA Sharpley

1 - Nouns and verbs

What is a noun?

A noun is a ‘thing’. It may be a living thing like rabbit or teacher, or something inanimate like rock or chocolate. It may be something you can see or touch like cheese or water, or something less concrete like happiness or pain (called ‘abstract’ nouns). Names are nouns too (John, London, Himalayas), called ‘proper’ nouns, recognizable by their capital letters.

A noun often has ‘the’ or ‘a(n)’ in front of it, e.g. ‘a table’, ‘an apple’, ‘the Simpsons’. This is not always so with names: e.g. we do not say ‘the London’.

These nouns, these ‘things’, are the building blocks of language.

What is a verb?
If nouns are the people or the things or the places which appear in a sentence, there has to be a word describing what the nouns are doing or what is happening to them, an action word of some kind, like eat, see, chase. These words are called verbs. Verbs are where the action is.

 
 
The LATIN QVARTER
Latin language classes, courses, readings, books and films